VW Volkswagen Kombi workshop manual Workshop Manuals

VW Volkswagen Kombi workshop manual

The Volkswagen Type 2, recognized officially, depending about body sort because the Transporter, Kombi plus Microbus, plus informally because the Bus or Camper, is a panel van introduced inside 1950 by German automaker Volkswagen because its next automobile model –

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and short wheelbase) Note: Does Not Cover Four Wheel Drive Models Contents: Four Cylinder Petrol Engines friction clutch Transmission and Final Drive Drive Shafts Steering Front Suspension Rear Suspension and Rear Axle Wheels and Tyres braking system Electrical System Five Cylinder Petrol Engines Bodywork Fault Finding electrical schematics: Wiring Diagram - Battery X Contact Relief Valve II Wiring Diagram - Ignition / Starter Switch Immobiliser Wiring Diagram - Fresh Air Blower Fresh Air Blower Switch Glove Compartment Lamp Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Oil Pressure and Coolant Warning / Gauge Fuel Gauge Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Revolution Counter Distance Recorder Turn Signal Warning Lights Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Clock Handbrake Warning Light Wiring Diagram - Self Diagnosis Junction Box Radio Connection Wiring Diagram - Interior Lights Door Control Unit Injection Valves Coolant Run On Pump Idle Speed Stabilisation Switch Activated Charcoal Filter System Solenoid Valve Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Oil pressure Switch Coolant Shortage Warning Lamp and Sender Unit Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Sender Unit Continued Wiring Diagram click

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Manual Get other VW repair manuals here Volkswagen VW Transporter T4 1990 to 1995 petrol and four-stroke diesel workshop manual. motors Covered: 2.0-liter 4-cylinder type AAC Digifant Electronic Fuel Injection petrol 2.5-liter 5-cylinder type AAF Digifant Electronic Fuel Injection petrol one point nine-liter 4-cylinder type 1X four-stroke diesel 2.4-liter 5-cylinder type AAB four-stroke diesel gearboxs covered: four geared manual 5-speed manual Covers: Manual Gearbox only. Short and Long Wheelbase. Van. Caravelle. Bus. 2.0 and 2.5-liter Petrol. one point nine and 2.4-liter four-stroke diesel. Four Cylinder Petrol motors. Five Cylinder Petrol motors. Fuel Injection System - Four Cylinder. Fuel Injection System - Five Cylinder. four-stroke diesel motors. four-stroke diesel Injection System. Contents: General Information. Four Cylinder Petrol motors. Fuel Supply Lambda Control Instrument Panel Oil Pressure and Coolant Monitoring Instrument Panel Revolution CounterFuel Supply Warning Lights Instrument Panel Speed Sensor Time Clock Radio Cigar Lighter motor Compartment Lamp Interior Lights Headlamps Headlamp Beam Adjusters Dipping Beams click to go

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1997 1998 1999 Gasoline four-stroke diesel Tdi 5-piston and VR6 Including Multivan and CV. The two volumes of this Volkswagen Official Factory Repair Manual present the service and repair information for Volkswagen EuroVan EuroVan MultiVan (including Weekender) and EuroVan CV Camper (commonly known as Westfalia camper) models sold in the USA and Canada. motors and gearboxs covered. 2.8 Liter VR6 gasoline (motor code AES) 2.5 Liter 5-piston gasoline (motor code AAF ACU) 2.5 Liter TDI four-stroke diesel (motor code ACV) two point four Liter four-stroke diesel (motor code AAB) 02B and 02G 5-speed manual gearboxs 098 and 01P four geared automatic gearboxs. For the professional automotive technician this manual includes the specifications and procedures that were available in an authorized Volkswagen dealer service department as this manual went to press. Two volume set find out more.....

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Buying Parts. Safety. Maintenance Techniques. Chemical And Lubricants And More. * Tune-Up And Routine Maintenance * General motor Overhaul Procedures * Cooling Heating And airconditioner maintenance Systems * Fuel And Exhaust Systems * motor Electrical Systems * Emissions Control Systems * gearbox * Driveline * Brakes * springs and shock absorbers And Rack and pinion Systems * Body * Chassis Electrical System * electrical schematics more info

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assemble engine. * Recondition cylinder heads and crankcase internals. Invaluable parts identification and interchange section tells what parts can be swapped where and specifies the best parts for durability or performance. Concise text and 500 photos drawings and charts lead you through each rebuilding step. Finish with an engine ready for thousands of miles of service! Models covered: * Beetle and Karmann Ghia (Type 1) * Bus and Transporter (Types 2 4) * Fastback Squareback Notchback (Type 3) * 411/412 and Porsche 914 Engines covered include 36 HP 40 HP 1300 1500 1600 1700 1800 and 2000. Contents: * Time to Rebuild? * Engine Removal * Parts Identification Interchange * Teardown * Crankcase Cylinder Reconditioning * Cylinder Head Reconditioning * Engine Assembly * Engine Installation Break-in Tuneup * Index considerably more details

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models-even those with sliding sunroof. All factory updates are listed by chassis number and date introduced. • Air-cooled Volkswagens (Type 2) covered: Volkswagen Type 2 Ambulance Volkswagen Type 2 Delivery Van Volkswagen Type 2 Kombi Volkswagen Type 2 Micro Bus Volkswagen Type 2 Micro Bus De Luxe Volkswagen Type 2 Pick-up Technical highlights: • 1200 and 1500 motors including 34 hp 42 hp and 44 hp all with fresh air heating. • motor bench testing procedures and specifications. • ZF and ATE steering gear removal rebuilding and installation. • Dual circuit braking system. • 6 and 12-volt electrical systems with listing of 6-volt components converted to 12-volts. • US and European lighting and electrical systems. • Comprehensive wiring diagrams. • Frame floor and body panel repair. All measurements and detailed cutting explanations of the operation of all systems with exploded views cutaways and diagrams. • Required workshop equipment tools and listings of equipment for local manufacture. • Troubleshooting tables for clutch carburetor fuel system steering braking system generator starter click the link

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popular vehicles is increasingly attractive. Using the trusted Haynes practical progressive approach this all-colour manual follows the restoration of a 1979 Devon camper from beginning to end and provides expert advice on the problems likely to be encountered when working on vehicles that have seen over 35 years of use and in Britain as many years of rain salt and mud. This is the only guide to restoring (or part-restoring) a 'Bay' you will ever need. further data

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Repair Manuals click here Volkswagen VW Commercial Type 2 Series 1973 - 1981 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers the Type 2 Series Commercial Models. motors covered: 1700 cubic centimetre 1800 cubic centimetre 2000 cubic centimetre (four cylinder) (Includes carburettor and Jetronic fuel systems Manual and Automatic). Covers everything you need to know step by step procedures hundreds of photographs and illustrations scheduled upkeep electrical schematics repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregory's manuals are based on an actual vehicle disassembly and are researched and written by automotive motorers with vast experience. extra info

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four-stroke diesel one point nineL 4 piston 1X ● four-stroke diesel two point fourL 5 piston "AAB" ● four-stroke diesel two point fiveL TDI 5 piston "ACV" fitted with a catcon exhaust gas recirculation turbo and a charge air intercooler Models Covered: ● Van 800 Van 1 000 Van 1 200 ● Caravelle CL and GL ● Bus (long and short wheelbase) Index: ● Engine ● Clutch ● Transmission and Final Drive ● tail shafts ● Steering ● Front springs and shock absorbers ● Rear springs and shock absorbers ● Wheels and rubber tyres ● Brakes ● Electrical System ● vehicle body Wiring Diagram - one point nine liter four-stroke diesel Engine: ● Engine Type ABL Alternator Battery Starter Motor ● Ignition / Starter Switch ● Control Unit for Glow Time and Exhaust Gas Return System (EGR) ● Glow Headlamps (Long Front End) Side Lamps ● Headlamps Range Control Hazard Warning Lights ● Turn Signal Switch Headlamp Dipped Beam / Flasher Switch Parking Light Switch ● Flasher Lamps (Turn Signals) Brake Lights Tail (Rear) Lights ● Light Switch Rear Fog Lamp ● Cigarette more information.....

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Covered: * four-stroke diesel: one point nine litre (1896 cubic centimetre ) * 2.0 litre (1968 cubic centimetre ) * 2.5 litre (2461 cubic centimetre ) DOES NOT cover petrol engined models twin turbo four-stroke diesel engine 'DSG' transmission all-wheel-drive 'Syncro' models or specialist vehicle body/camper conversions Contents: * Living with Your VW Transporter * Roadside Repairs * Weekly Checks * Lubricants Fluids * Tyre Pressures * Routine Maintenance Service * one point nine litre Engine In-Vehicle Repair Procedures * 2.0 Engine In-Vehicle Repair Procedures * 2.5 Engine In-Vehicle Repair Procedures * Engine Removal and Overhaul Procedures * Cooling Heating Ventilation Systems * Fuel Exhaust pipess - one point nine 2.5 Engines * Fuel Exhaust pipess - 2.0 Engine * Emission Control Systems * Starting Charging Systems * Ignition System * friction clutch * Manual Gearbox * Auto gearbox * Driveshafts * Braking System * springs and shock absorbers Rack and pinion * vehicle body Fittings * Body wirings * Wiring Diagrams NOTE: Only maintenance adjustment simple maintenance tasks plus removal and installation are described for the Transmissions. more details.....

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Volkswagen 411 * Volkswagen 412 Contents: * Introduction: About This Manual; Introduction; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Maintenance Techniques Tools And Working Facilities; Buying Parts; Jacking And Towing; Booster Battery (Jump) Starting; Conversion Factors; Automotive Chemicals And Lubricants; Safety First!; Troubleshooting * Tune-Up And Routine Maintenance * Engine And Overhaul Procedures * Cooling Heating And airconditioner maintenance Systems * Fuel And Exhaust pipess * Engine Electrical Systems * air pollution control Systems * gearbox * braking system * Suspension And Steering Systems * Body * Chassis Electrical System * electrical schematics Chilton repair manuals can save you money on bills for repair and maintenance. progressive procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown & rebuild. more here.....

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'Syncro' models interior features specific to Westfalia Caravelle or Multivan or specialist bodywork/camper conversions. * DOES NOT cover Transporter 'T5' range introduced July 2003. Contents: * Safety First! * Roadside repairs * Weekly checks * Routine maintenance and servicing * 4 - piston motor in-vehicle repair procedures * 5 - piston motor in-vehicle repair procedures * motor removal and overhaul procedures * Cooling heating and ventilation systems * Fuel and exhaust systems * Emission control systems * Starting and charging systems * friction clutch * Manual transmission * Auto gearbox * Driveshafts * Braking system * Suspension and steering * Bodywork and fittings * Body wirings * electrical schematics * Reference much more info

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water-cooled motors. motors Covered: - 1.9 liter (1913cc) (DF DG EY GW) - 2.1 liter (2109cc) (DJ MV SS codes) four cylinder models. Contents: - Routine Maintenance - routine engine tuning - motor Repair - Cooling And Heating - airconditioner maintenance - Fuel And Exhaust - Emissions Control - Ignition Brakes - springs and shock absorbers And Rack and pinion - Electrical Systems - Wiring Diagrams NOTE: Only maintenance adjustment minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described for the gearboxs. click here.....

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four-stroke diesel (ABL) 2.4L 5 piston four-stroke diesel (AJA AAB) two point fiveL 5 piston TDI four-stroke diesel (ACV AHY AJT AUF AXG AXL AYC) Contents: motor Clutch gearbox Final Drive tail shafts Steering Front Suspension Rear Suspension Axle Wheels rubber tyres braking system Electrical vehicle body Fault Finding electrical schematics: Wiring Diagram - Battery X Contact Relief Relay Ignition Switch Fuses Wiring Diagram - Heater Blower Blower Switch Two Way Valve and Switch for Fresh Air and Recirculating Air Flap Glovebox Light Wiring Diagram - Immobiliser Cable Distributer for Data Bus Self Diagnosis Connection Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Oil Pressure and Coolant Temperature Warning Fuel Gauge Revolution Counter Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Multi-Function Display Rear Wiper Switch Outside Temperatuer Switch Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Distance for Data Bus Self Diagnosis Connection Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Oil Pressure and Coolant Temperature Warning Fuel Gauge Revolution Counter Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Multi-Function Display Rear Wiper Switch Outside Temperatuer Switch Wiring Diagram - Dash Panel Insert Distance click on

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latest 1979 motor car* Troubleshooting replacing or repairing every component of the wiring - with complete wiring diagrams* Troubleshooting and repair of the EFI system used on 1975 and later models* Troubleshooting repairing and rebuilding the clutch manual transmission and automatic transmission* Rebuilding the carburetor - including dual carburetors* Rebuilding disc and drum braking system* Rebuilding the front axle and Rack and pinion gearbox* Comprehensive motor maintenance and rebuilding data - including 1978 and later engines with hydraulic valve lifters* Spark advance curves for all distributors-including the transistorized ignition system used on 1979* California models: Emission controls-including 1973 and later exhaust gas recirculation systems and the 1973 and 1974 air injection system* Adjusting passenger doors and sliding cargo doors* Official Volkswagen tolerances wear limits settings and tightening torque specifications for every part of your motor carContents:* Body and Frame* Front Axle* Fuel System* wiring* Engine and Clutch* Transmission and Rear Axle* Automatic Transmission* braking system and Wheels* Lubrication and full details

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manufacturers.Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures motor maintenance cooling and heating airconditioner maintenance fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes steering and suspension wirings and electrical schematics.Haynes workshop and service manuals are money saving on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed engines can differ. Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us here.. lots more

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water-cooled or Diesel engines.Inside this manual you will find: scheduled upkeep routine engine tuning motor maintenance cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes steering and suspension electrical systems and electrical schematics.Haynes workshop and service manuals are money saving on bills for repair and maintenance. progressive procedures and illustrations give you guidance for every task from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. link here

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but the many variations panel van pick-up truck double-cab pick-up and highroof panel van. This is a re-issue of one of the most popular titles from the celebrated Original series a cubic centimetre epted by classic car owners buyers and enthusiasts as the definitive source of advice on correct original and authentic specifications and equipment drawn from factory records parts lists and catalogues as well as the a cubic centimetre umulated knowledge of the most respected restorers. Integracar tries to provide a large collection of owners guides. Nevertheless workshop manuals can sometimes be designed for numerous different countries and the vehicles engineered for those nations. This is why not all owners manuals may be right for your individual car. If you have any questions whether a individual maintenance manual is best for your car please get in contact with us hereOriginal VW Bus by Laurence Meredith considerably more details

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Camper. It gives advice on how to choose the best van for your needs and prepare it - how to plan the layout and choose fittings how to fit an elevating roof how to cut panels and fit utilities. Integracar tries to have a sizeable array of owners guides. However owners manuals can sometimes be manufactured for very different nations and the motor motor car designed for those nations. For this reason not all workshop manuals may be applicable for your individual car. If you have important questions whether or not a selected maintenance manual is best suited for your car do not hesitate to make contact with us hereHow to Convert Volkswagen Bus or Van to Camper by Lindsay Porter information

following plus initially deriving from Volkswagen's initially model, the Type 1, it was provided the factory designation Type 2.

As among the forerunners of the contemporary cargo plus passenger vans, the Type 2 gave rise with forward control competitors inside the United States inside the 1960s, including the Ford Econoline, the Dodge A100, as well as the Chevrolet Corvair 95 Corvan, the latter adopting the Type 2's rear-engine configuration. European competition included the 1960s FF design Renault Estafette as well as the FR design Ford Transit. The FF design Citroën H Van though, pre-dated the VW by 3 years. As of January 2010, up-to-date versions of the Type 2 stay inside manufacturing inside global markets— because a passenger van, because a cargo van, plus because a pickup truck.

Like the Beetle, the van has received many nicknames worldwide, including the "microbus", "minibus", plus, as a result of its recognition throughout the counterculture movement of the 1960s, "Hippie van".

Autocar magazine has announced the T2 might stop creation about December 31, 2013, due to the introduction of more stringent protection laws inside Brazil.

The concept for the Type 2 is credited with Dutch Volkswagen importer Ben Pon. Pon visited Wolfsburg inside 1946, intending with buy Type 1s for import with Holland, where he saw an improvised parts-mover plus realized anything better was potential utilizing the stock Type 1 pan. He initially sketched the van inside a doodle dated April 23, 1947, proposing a payload of 690 kg plus placing the driver at the front. Production might need to wait, yet, because the factory was at capability producing the Type 1.

Whenever ability freed up a prototype acknowledged internally because the Type 29 was yielded inside a brief 3 months. The stock Type 1 pan proven with be too weak thus the prototype selected a ladder chassis with device body construction. Coincidentally the wheelbase was the same because the Type 1's. Engineers reused the reduction gear within the Type 81, permitting the 1.5 lot van with utilize a 25 hp flat 4 engine.

Although the aerodynamics of the initial prototypes were bad, technicians utilized the wind tunnel at the Technical University of Braunschweig with optimize the shape. Easy changes like splitting the windshield plus roofline into a "vee" assisted the creation Type 2 achieve a drag coefficient of 0.44, exceeding the Type 1's 0.48. Volkswagen's unique chief executive officer Heinz Nordhoff approved the van for manufacturing about 19 May 1949 as well as the initially manufacturing model, today designated Type 2, rolled off the assembly line with debut 12 November. Just 2 models were offered: the Kombi, as well as the Commercial. The Microbus was added inside May 1950, joined by the Deluxe Microbus inside June 1951. In all 9,541 Type 2s were yielded inside their initially year of manufacturing.

An ambulance model was added inside December 1951 that repositioned the gas tank inside front of the transaxle, place the spare tire behind the front seat, plus added a "tailgate"-style back door. These attributes became standard found on the Type 2 from 1955 with 1967. 11,805 Type 2s were integrated the 1951 model year. These were joined with a single-cab pickup inside August 1952, plus it changed the minimum of the Type 2s till all were seriously modified inside 1968.

Unlike additional back engine Volkswagens, that evolved continually over time nevertheless not saw the introduction of all-new models, the Transporter not merely evolved, however, was completely revised periodically with variations retrospectively called versions "T1" with "T5" But just decades T1 with T3 is watched because straight connected with the Beetle.

The Type 2, together with the 1947 Citroën H Van, are amidst the initially 'forward control' vans inside that the driver was located above the front roadwheels. They began a trend inside Europe, where the 1952 GM Bedford CA, 1958 RAF-977, 1959 Renault Estafette, 1960 BMC Morris J4, plus 1960 Commer FC furthermore utilized the idea. In the United States, the Corvair-based Chevrolet Corvan cargo van plus Greenbrier passenger van went thus far because with copy the Type 2's rear-engine design, utilizing the Corvair's horizontally opposed, air-cooled engine for force. Except for the Greenbrier plus numerous 1950s–70s Fiat minivans, the Type 2 stayed distinctive inside being rear-engined. This had been a drawback for the early "barndoor" Panel Vans, that couldn't conveniently be loaded within the back considering the engine cover intruded about inside area, however commonly advantageous inside traction plus inside sound.

In late 1967, the 2nd generation of the Volkswagen Type 2 was introduced. It was integrated Germany till 1979. In Mexico, the Volkswagen Combi plus Panel were yielded from 1970 with 1994. Models before 1971 are usually called the T2a, when models following 1972 are called the T2b.

This second-generation Type 2 lost its distinctive split front windshield, plus was somewhat bigger plus considerably heavier than its predecessor. Its normal nicknames are Breadloaf plus Bay-window, or Loaf plus Bay for brief. At 1.6 L plus 35 kW DIN, the engine was additionally somewhat greater. The modern model equally did away with all the swing axle back suspension plus transfer boxes earlier employed with raise ride height. Instead, half-shaft axles fitted with continual velocity joints raised ride height without the wild changes inside camber of the Beetle-based swing axle suspension. The up-to-date Bus transaxle is generally popular by off-road racers utilizing air-cooled Volkswagen components.
1973–1980 Volkswagen Kombi van
T2 selected because an ambulance inside Brazil

The T2b was introduced through progressive change over 3 years. The initially models showcased rounded bumpers incorporating a step for employ whenever the door was open, front doorways which opened with 90° within the body, no lip found on the front guards, plus crescent air intakes inside the D-pillars. They additionally had special engine hatches, plus up till 1971 front indicators set low found on the nose instead of excellent about either side of the fresh air grille – offering rise with their nickname because "Lower Lights". The 1971 Type 2 showcased a new, 1.6 L engine with double consumption ports about every cylinder head plus was DIN-rated at 37 kW. An significant change came with all the introduction of front disk brakes plus modern roadwheels with brake ventilation holes plus flatter hubcaps. 1972's many prominent change became a bigger engine compartment to match the greater 1.7- with 2.0-litre machines within the Volkswagen Type 4, along with a redesigned back end that eliminated the removable back apron. The air inlets were furthermore enlarged to support the improved cooling air demands of the heavier machines.

In 1971 the 1600cc Type 1 engine because utilized inside the Beetle, was supplemented with all the 1700cc Type 4 engine – because it was initially tailored for the Type 4 models. European vans kept the possibility of upright enthusiast Type 1 1600 engine nevertheless the 1700 Type 4 became standard for US spec models.
Pre-facelift plus facelifted Volkswagen Kombi vans

In the Type 2, the Type 4 engine was a choice for the 1972 model year forward. This engine was standard inside models destined for the US plus Canada. Just with all the Type 4 engine did an automatic transmission become accessible for the first-time inside the 1973 model year. Both motors displaced 1.7 L, DIN-rated at 49 kW with all the guide transmission plus 46 kW with all the automatic. The Type 4 engine was enlarged with 1.8 L plus 50 kW DIN for the 1974 model year plus again with 2.0 L plus 52 kW DIN for the 1976 model year. The 1978 2.0 L today showcased hydraulic valve lifters, eliminating the requirement with periodically change the valve clearances because about earlier models. The 1975 plus later U.S. model years received Bosch L-Jetronic electronic gas injection because standard equipment; 1978 was the initially year for electronic ignition, using the hall impact sensor plus digital controller, eliminating maintenance-requiring contact-breaker points. As with all Transporter machines, the focus inside development wasn't about energy, yet about low-end torque. The Type 4 motors were considerably more robust plus durable than the Type 1 machines, very inside Transporter service.

The year 1971 furthermore saw outdoor revisions including relocated front turn indicators, squared off plus set high inside the valance, above the headlights – 1972 saw square-profiled bumpers, that became standard till the finish of the T2 inside 1979. Crash protection improved with this change as a result of a compressible structure behind the front bumper. This meant which the T2b was capable of meeting US protection guidelines for passenger vehicles of the time, though not needed of vans. The "VW" emblem found on the front valance became somewhat small.

Later model changes were mainly mechanical. By 1974, the T2 had gained its final form. Really late inside the T2's shape lifetime, throughout the late 1970s, the initially prototypes of Type 2 vans with four-wheel drive were built plus tested.

The T2c, so-called considering it got a somewhat raised rooftop – by regarding 10 cm – inside the early 1990s, is made for the South American plus Central American markets. It is imported into additional nations, like the UK.

Because 1991, the T2c has been integrated México with all the water-cooled 1.8 L inline four-cylinder 53 kW carbureted engine, conveniently diagnosed by their big, black-coloured, front-mounted radiators, plus because 1995 with all the 1.6 L air-cooled motors for the Brazilian marketplace.

Because creation of the authentic Beetle was halted inside late 2003 because a 2004 model, the T2 stayed truly the only Volkswagen model with all the conventional air-cooled, rear-mounted boxer engine till the Brazilian model changed with a water-cooled engine about 23 December 2005. There had been a 1.6 L 50 hp water-cooled diesel engined variation of the T2, that was produced from 1981 with 1985 inside Brazil. This adaptation was pretty affordable – values from 15 km/l with 18 km/l are reported – however, it suffered from low performance plus an insufficiently capable cooling program, that led with brief engine lifetime.

The end of the Volkswagen air-cooled engine about a worldwide basis was marked with a Special Edition Kombi. An exclusive Silver paint job, plus limited edition emblems were used with just 220 units inside late 2005, plus were available because 2006 models.
An aircooled along with a watercooled VW Kombi, produced inside Brazil. Model years 2005 plus 2006.

More onerous emissions regulations introduced by the Brazilian government for 2006 forced a shift with water-cooled motors. The fresh "Flex Fuel" water-cooled engine might run about petrol and also alcohol. Borrowed within the Volkswagen Fox, the engine is a rear-mounted EA-111 1.4 L 8v Total Flex 1,390 cc, 58 kW about petrol, plus 60 kW whenever run about ethanol, plus 124 N·m torque. This variation has been fairly lucrative, inspite of the minor changes prepared with the total T2-bodied car. It nonetheless involves the four-speed transmission, yet with a fresh final drive ratio it will cruise at 120 km/h at 4,100 rpm. Top speed is 130 km/h. 0 with 100 km/h is accomplished inside 22.7 seconds. Improvements were prepared with 6.6% greater gas economy, plus almost 2 decibel less sound.

The Volkswagen Type T2 is undoubtedly the greatest model run inside Brazil, having been introduced inside September 1950 because the Volkswagen "Kombi", a name it has kept throughout manufacturing. The fierce competition from European front-wheel drive new generation vans nevertheless cannot match the Kombi's unparalleled cost-benefit equation. Just yielded inside 2 versions, bus or panel van, it provides just 1 factory option: the back window defog. As of June 2009, the T2 is made at the Volkswagen Group's São Bernardo do Campo plant at a rate of 97 a day.

As of October 2012, it was announced which the manufacturing of the Brazilian Volkswagen Kombi usually end inside 2013. The phaseout of the T2c marks the finish of a era that lasted because 1935 - it is the final creation rear-engined Volkswagen following 78 years.

Like the Beetle, within the beginning, the Type 2 earned several nicknames from its fans. Among the top, at minimum inside Germany, are VW-Bus plus Bulli or Hippie-van or the bus. The Type 2 was meant with be officially called the Bully, however, Heinrich Lanz, manufacturer of the Lanz Bulldog farm tractor, intervened. The model was then presented because the Volkswagen Transporter plus Volkswagen Kleinbus, however the Bully nickname nonetheless caught about.

The official German-language model names Transporter plus Kombi have additionally caught about because nicknames. Kombi is not just the name of the passenger variant, however, is additionally the Australasian plus Brazilian expression for the entire Type 2 family; inside much the same technique which they are all called VW-Bus inside Germany, even the pickup truck variations. In Mexico, the German Kombi was translated because Combi, plus became a home word because of the vehicle's recognition inside Mexico City's public transportation program. In Peru, where the expression Combi was similarly adopted, the expression Combi Asesina is frequently employed for buses of synonymous size, due to the notorious recklessness plus competition of bus motorists inside Lima with receive guests. In Portugal it is very recognised as Pão-de-Forma considering its shape resembles a bread baked inside a mold. Similarly, inside Denmark, the Type 2 is called Rugbrød. Finns dubbed it Kleinbus, because numerous taxicab businesses adopted it for group transportation; the name Kleinbus has become an appellative for all passenger vans. The car is sometimes known because Kleinbus inside Chile.

In the US, nonetheless, it is actually a VW bus, a "vee-dub", a minibus, a hippie-mobile, hippie bus, or hippie van, "combie", Microbus or perhaps a Transporter with aficionados. The early versions yielded before 1967 selected a split front windshield, plus their comparative rarity has led with their becoming popular by collectors plus fanatics. The upcoming adaptation, available inside the US marketplace from 1968 with 1979, is characterised with a big, curved windshield plus is commonly called a "bay-window". It was changed by the Vanagon, of that just the Westfalia camper adaptation has a well-known nickname, "Westy".

It was called Volksie Bus inside South Africa, notable inside a series of which country's TV commercials. Kombi is additionally a generic nickname for vans plus minibuses inside South Africa plus Swaziland, frequently employed because a signifies of public transportation. In Nigeria it was called Danfo.

In the UK, it's termed as a "Campervan".

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