Holden Camira workshop repair manual Workshop Manuals

Holden Camira workshop repair manual

The Holden Camira had been a mid-size vehicle yielded by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors between 1982 plus 1989.After an initial advantageous sales run, Camira sales dropped greatly, plus was discontinued inside 1989.he authentic Camira, the JB series,

The Holden Camira had been a mid-size vehicle yielded by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors between 1982 plus 1989. It was Holden's variation of GM's J-body family of cars—GM's 3rd "global" auto platform.

After an initial advantageous sales run, Camira sales dropped greatly, plus was discontinued inside 1989. The Holden Apollo, a rebadged Toyota Camry was introduced because the Australian marketplace substitution, with New Zealand rather providing the European-sourced Opel Vectra. In all 151,807 Camiras were built.

he authentic Camira, the JB series, was introduced inside 1982 with a main trans-Tasman advertising campaign. The Camira changed the Sunbird plus Torana, though an interim four-cylinder variation of the Commodore bridged the two-year creation gap.
1987–1989 Holden JE Camira SLX station wagon

A station wagon variation was introduced the following year, as well as its bodywork was exported with Vauxhall inside the UK for the Cavalier wagon. Some Camiras were additionally exported with right-hand drive markets inside Southeast Asia, including Indonesia plus Singapore. The wagon variant was especially a Holden shape, that Holden insisted ought to be piece of the total "J-car" system. A five-door hatchback, based found on the Opel Ascona/Vauxhall Cavalier "J-car" was proposed for the Camira, however not produced it with the manufacturing stage due with Holden's financial losses at which time.

There was just 1 engine, the carburettored, naturally aspirated, transversely installed 1.6-litre four-cylinder engine delivering 64 kilowatts. The transaxle providing had been a four-speed guide found on the SL plus SL/X, with a five-speed device specified with SJ plus SL/E variants. A three-speed automatic was optional about all models.

The Camira was Wheels magazine's Car of the Year for 1982. While superior with many additional vehicles of your day inside terms of ride plus handling, the 1.6 litre Camtech engine was considered "underpowered" by much of the motoring media. While partly true, the powerplant yielded synonymous energy degrees with several of its rivals, though the actual energy delivery differed. Unlike conventional Australian motors which had reserves of low down torque, the Camira needed a rather different driving fashion which associated revving the engine.

Early models of the Camira suffered from a litany of standard control issues, that included smoking motors, insufficient drainage holes inside the doorways, bad paint standard plus deficiency of adequate enthusiast cooling, causing overheating inside JB Camiras fitted with air conditioner. This tarnished the Camira's standing plus led with it being withdrawn within the New Zealand marketplace, where a Camira-labeled Isuzu Aska was available rather.

SL: entry-level variant, without air conditioner or energy steering, though it's potential to locate certain with dealer-fitted air conditioner.
SJ : sporty version based about SL with a five-speed guide transmission. Other changes constrained with aesthetic upgrades.
SL/X: received many extra extras over SL including cloth trim, additional chrome, plus different aesthetic upgrades.
SL/E: top-of-the-line model with richer trim, full instrumentation, plus alloy wheels because standard. These alloy wheels were styled similarly to people of the VH Commodore SL/E wheels. Despite being obtainable in all additional "J-car" models, energy windows were not obtainable in the Australian Camira models till the JE adaptation. But air conditioner plus cruise control were optional, because became a trip computer.

The next series JD Camira, introduced inside 1984 received a facelift, with a more aerodynamic front-end as well as the absence of the traditional front grille. The variations were not merely aesthetic, the engine was upgraded from 1.6 to a multi-point gas injected 1.8-litre found on the SL/X plus SL/E models. These changes combined permitted the engine with deliver 85 kilowatts. The hot 1.8 litre engine was mated with a close ratio five-speed manual transmission, because opposed with the four-speed fitted with the 1.6.

In mid-1986 hot emissions laws necessary which all vehicles produced inside Australia run about unleaded petrol. This forced another reworking of the engine, throughout that time Holden was running at a reduction. The happen was which Holden dropped the multi-point injection plus reverted with single-point, similar with a carburettor, plus changed the tuning of the engine with suit. A power-robbing catalytic converter was fitted, plus energy output was reduced by 20 kilowatts with 63 kilowatts.

This engine was furthermore employed inside Holden's nearby produced compact auto, the LD Astra, a badge designed Nissan Pulsar, and also the Pulsar itself. This was the outcome of the model sharing alliance between Holden plus Nissan at the time, where the Nissan body was employed inside combination with GM powertrains. Running about unleaded petrol, this engine had an output of 79 kilowatts. The Pulsar's 1.8 litre engine contained the same simple internals because the JD Camira's 1.8 litre engine, with all the key exception being the block casting plus small ports/valves found on the head, plus small consumption manifold. Both the Camira plus Astra/Pulsar machines were driven with a Delco Electronics engine control device. This caused issues of its own, because with age, the fine tolerance of the circuitry plus componentry tend to fail unexpectedly, plus about failing, the engine may stop to work, or work with a crippling reduction of force due with wrong tuning plus gas delivery. The external engine mounts are greater located found on the Pulsar, plus therefore cause longer engine mount existence.
Specification levels

SL, SL/X, plus SL/E: because for JB.
Executive: introduced inside 1986 because a choice pack for the SL/X. The Executive was initially enjoyed found on the VK Commodore inside 1984.
Formula: initially enjoyed found on the JD model, the Formula pack was optional with any model that had unique pin striping plus side skirts, this pack available inside limited numbers.

The JE was the final series of Camira. By this time, most Camira's early standard difficulties had been overcome, plus Holden today fitted the multi-point fuel-injected 2.0 litre engine with substitute the 1.8 litre device. The 2.0 litre device delivered 85 kilowatts at 5200 rpm plus 176 newton metres of torque at 3200 rpm. The automatic transaxle inside the JE, the Turbo-Hydramatic 125 C, sported a lockup torque converter. Styling changes were minor within the JD with all the addition of the thin grille up front, revised bonnet, heavier 14-inch wheels plus fresh wheel trims.

After Camira creation wound up throughout 1989, Holden changed the Camira with all the Apollo, a rebadged Toyota Camry. This had been a outcome of the Button auto program introduced by the Australian Government, that encouraged a reduction inside the quantity of Australian car-makers plus models. Holden New Zealand wasn't affected by this scheme plus rather changed the Camira with all the European-sourced Opel Vectra, that following 1994 was rebadged because the Holden Vectra. Holden continued with make the Family II engine for export effectively following the Camira was discontinued. Over 3 million variants were yielded, inside 1.6, 1.8 plus 2.0 litre designs, with all the 1.8 plus 2.0 litre variants being gas injected.
Specification levels

SL, SLX, Executive, SLE: because for JB plus JE series, except the SLX plus SLE nameplates no longer showcased the "/" signal, because inside SL/X.
Vacationer: had been a unique edition, based found on the Executive, painted light blue metallic with red plus white decals, SL/X trim, plus SL/E rooftop racks.
SLi 2000: was special with the JE, being a "sports" package based found on the SLX. Major variations were the addition of side skirts, a tiny spoiler plus distinctive orange plus silver pin striping. In somewhat of the advertising ploy, the SLi was just obtainable in red, inside the sedan body shell with a five-speed guide transaxle, plus with a gray interior within the SLX. Despite its sports-oriented nature, the SLi 2000 was driven by the same Family II engine fitted with all alternative JEs, therefore providing no additional performance.
Formula: was, like the SLi 2000, plus may be optioned over the whole sedan range. Skirting plus pin striping were moreover choices. Buyers did have the flexibility with select the color, but all versions had manual transmission plus "Formula" headrest inserts.

The SLi 2000 as well as the Formula were available inside limited numbers plus are subsequently uncommon now, because were vehicles built with central locking plus automatic boot lid releases.

All Camira models suffered from certain normal issues, that is among the factors why the auto didn't garner substantial sales figures.

Rust usually became obvious under the back windscreen inside most sedan models. On wagon models, rust generally happened inside the bottom of the tailgate due with inadequate water drainage.

Models loaded with a manual transmission had a firewall cracking condition, considering the clutch mount tore the firewall mounting structure. This was conveniently rectified or prevented early about, yet advanced stages of cracking were difficult with repair due with the awkward place as well as the have to weld.

On models fitted with an automatic transmission, the lockup torque converter switch malfunctioned, keeping the torque converter secured inside 3rd gear whenever slowing down plus stalling the engine whenever the auto came with standstill. This was due with the bad toughness of the plastic switch.

The engine control device was notorious for difficulties. Cracks inside the printed circuit board frequently caused the engine with stall at speed when the board bent, by way of example by heat expansion.

Engine mount breakages were acknowledged with happen, specifically whenever the vehicle was driven approximately. This condition was very obvious inside the later gas injected motors, considering the improved engine force correspondingly improved the strain found on the Camira's rubber engine mounts.

The water manifold at the back of the engine was made from difficult polyvinyl chloride plus splits may happen following numerous heating plus cooling cycles, causing a reduction of engine coolant.

The cylinder head gasket was inclined with warping, particularly whenever the auto was driven frequently. This issue was more pronounced inside the later gas injected models, due with improved engine temperatures plus better strain found on the engine's cylinder head.

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