Toyota 4Runner 1996-2002 factory workshop and repair manual download on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . File size 17Mb Searchable PDF document with bookmarks. Engine 5VZ-FE Brakes Electrical Steering Suspension Transmission Axles Heating Diagnostics Air-Conditioning Transfer System Transmission Propeller Shaft Engine Wiring Diagrams Body Service Specs Air-Conditioning Body Mechanical Cooling Diagnostics Emission Control Lubrication Axles Toyota 4Runner 1996-2002 factory workshop and repair online download much more info
Toyota 3B B 11B 13B engine factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro File size 41 Mb in 338 pages Covers the Diesel 3B B 11B 13B diesel engines. includes engine mechanical fuel system cooling system lubrication starting and charging. The B is a 3.0 L inline-four eight-valve OHV diesel engine. Compression ratio is 21:1. Output is 80 hp (60 kW) at 3 600 rpm with 141 lb·ft (191 N·m) of torque at 2 200 rpm although later versions claim 85 PS (63 kW). Land Cruiser 40 Dyna 3rd 4th 5th generation Toyoace 5th generation Daihatsu Delta V9/V12-series 1978-1995 Hino Ranger 2 (V10) The 3B is a 3.4 L inline 4 eight valve OHV diesel engine. Compression ratio is 20:1. Output is 90 hp (67 kW) at 3500 rpm with 160 ft·lbf (217 N·m) of torque at 2000 rpm. Dyna 4th 5th 6th generation Toyoace 4th 5th generation Landcruiser 40/60/70 Coaster 2nd 3rd generation 11B Same as the B but with direct injection. Power is 90 more information.....
Toyota 2L 3L 5L engine factory workshop and repair manual download on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . It is compressed as a zip file which you can extract with 7zip File size 21 Mb Searchable PDF document with bookmarks. Introduction Engine Starting Charging Preparation Service Specifications Diagnostics Engine Mechanical Emission Control Engine Fuel Cooling Lubrication Electronic Control The 2L is a 2.4 L (2 446 cc) 4-cylinder diesel engine. Bore is 92 mm and stroke is 92 mm with a compression ratios of around 22.3:1 and redline of 4800 rpm. Outputs range from 76 to 87 hp (57 to 65 kW) and torque of 15.8–16.8 kg·m (155–165 N·m). The 3L is a 2.8 L (2779 cc) four-cylinder diesel engine. Bore is 96 mm and stroke is 96 mm with a compression ratio of 22.2 : 1. Output is 91 hp (68 kW) gross at 4000 rpm with 19.2 kg·m (188 N·m) gross of torque at 2400 rpm. The 5L is a 3.0 L (2986 cc) four-cylinder diesel engine. Bore is 99.5 mm and stroke is 96 mm with a compression ratio of 22.2:1. Output is 97 hp (72 kW) gross at 4000 rpm with 192 N·m (142 lbf·ft) gross of torqu click here.....
Toyota 3C-TE engine factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . File size 13 Mb PDF document Chapters Index: • Introductio • Preparation • Service specifications • Diagnostics • Engine Mechanical • Turbocharger • Emission Control • Electronic Control Diesel • Engine Fuel • Cooling • Lubrication • Starting • Charging • Index About the 3C-TE engine 3C-TE Turbocharged version with EFI.126 hp (94 kW) at 4700 rpm Applications: CT216 Caldina 1998-2002 (Japan only) CT211/216 Carina 1998-2001 (Japan only) CT211/216 Corona 1997-2001 (Japan only) CXR10/11/20/21 Estima 1993-1999 (Japan only) CXM10 Gaia 1998-2004 (Japan only) CXM10 Ipsum 1997-2001 (Japan only) CXM10 Picnic 1997-2001 (Europe only) Toyota3C-TE engine factory workshop and repair manual Download related info
Toyota Hilux 1KZ-TE engine factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . It is compressed as a zip file which you can extract with 7zip File size 35 Mb Searchable PDF document with bookmarks. TOYOTA 1KZ-TE Diesel Engine Repair Manual This manual is the complete repair manual for the 1KZ-TE engine. 456 Pages of detailed Information with Images Diagrams in PDF format This is an engine mechanical supplement manual covering the 1KZ-T and 1KZ-TE turbo-diesel engines Covers 4 Runner and some imported Surf models also the KZN165 series Toyota Prado Hilux The manual covers only the engine including general maintenance and repairs problem diagnosis and rebuilding. (NOTE: It does not cover any of the ancillary systems such as fuel system transmission etc.) Chapters Index: • General Description • General Maintenance Repair • Drive belts • Intake and exhaust manifolds • Turbocharger intercooler • Rocker cover seal • Timing belt cover more here.....
Toyota Hiace van 1989-2004 factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . It is compressed as a zip file which you can extract with 7zip File size is large at 161 Mb with some PDF documents with bookmarks. Introduction Cluch Manual Transmission Automatic Transmission Transfer 2wd 4 wd Propeller Shaft Suspension Axle Brake System Steering Body Body Electrical System Air Conditioning Service Specifications Standard Bolt Torque Specifications Sst Ssm Praparation Diagnostics Supplemental Restraint System Body Electrical ENGINES COVERED 2.0L 1RZ PETROL 2.0L 1RZ-E PETROL 2.4L 2RZ PETROL 2.4L 2RZ-E PETROL 2.4L 2L DIESEL 2.8L 3L DIESEL 3.0L 5L DIESEL MODELS COVERED RZH100 102 104 105 109 112 113 114 115 full details
Toyota 5L-E engine factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . It is compressed as a zip file which you can extract with 7zip File size 12 Mb Covers 5L BELT INSTALL 5L COMPONANTS 5L CRANK ANGLE SENSOR 5L DRIVE BELT COMPONANTS 5L ECD SYSTEM DIAGRAM 5L ENGINE COMPONANTS 5L ENGINE REMOVAL 5L ENGINE UNIT COMPONANTS 5L FRONT OIL SEAL INSTALL 5L FRONT OIL SEAL REMOVAL 5L FRONT SEAL COMPONANTS 5L HEAD COMPONANTS 5L HEAD INSTALL 5L HEAD REMOVAL 5L INJECTIOR NOZZLE COMPONANTS 5L INJECTOR PUMP COMPONANTS 5L REAR OIL SEAL COMPONANTS 5L SERVICE SPECS 5L TORQUE SPECS 5L VENTURI COMPONANTS 5L-E ENGINE SUP. RM817E CAM INSTALL CAM REMOVAL ECD SYSTEM ENGINE TIMING BELT COMPONANTS ENGINE UNIT DIASSEMBLY ENGINE UNIT REASSEMBLY PRESSURE SENSOR RAR OIL SEAL INSTALL REAR OIL SEAL REMOVAL TIMING BELT INSTALL TIMING BELT REMOVAL VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT Searchable document with bookmarks. About the 5L more here.....
Toyota A442F Automatic Transmission factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . File size 21 Mb Searchable PDF document with bookmarks. Covers Operation Component Parts Removal Oil Pump Overdrive Unit Front Clutch Rear Clutch Second Brake Front and Rear Planetary Gear Unit First and Reverse Brake Valve Body Upper Valve Body Lower Valve Body Transmission Case Parking Lock Pawl Component Parts Installation Service Specifications A442F Automatic Transmission repair and workshop manual Covers FZJ80 and HDJ80 Toyota Landcruiser Hardtop canvas top station wagon Covers the 4 speed electronic controlled The new A442F automatic transmission is a 4 —speed Electronic Controlled Automatic Trans- mission and has following features; Electronic control provides the Automatic Transmission shift and lockup points most appropriate for the power characteristics of each engine and improves shift response.A high performance super flow torque converter in the Automatic Transm much more info
Toyota 2Z engine factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . File size 7 Mb searchable PDF document Chapters Index: GENERAL ENGINE TUNE-UP ENGINE OVERHAUL FUEL SYSTEM SST LIST COOLING SYSTEM LUBRICATION SYSTEM STARTING SYSTEM CHARGING SYSTEM SERVICE STANDARDS About the 2Z engine Engine type 2Z Number of cylinders mounting Inline 4 vertically mounted. Bore x stroke 98×115mm Total piston displacement 3469cc Valve mechanism OHV Combustion chamber type Direct injection type Cycle Cooling system 4 cycle water cooled Performance Maximum Output 42kW (@2200rpm) Maximum Torque 200Nm (@1600rpm) Dimensions (length x width x height) 722×535×753mm Dry weight 212kg Toyota 2Z engine factory workshop and repair manual Download lots more
Toyota 2H 12H-T engine factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro File size 12 Mb Covers the Diesel 2H and the 12H-T turbo diesel engines. includes engine mechanical fuel system cooling system lubrication starting and charging. About the Toyota 2H Engine The 2H is a 4.0 L (3980 cc) inline 6 12 valve OHV diesel engine. Bore is 91 mm and stroke is 102 mm with a compression ratio of 20.7:1. Output is 103 hp (77 kW) at 3500 rpm - later production years 107 hp (80 kW) with 177 lb·ft (240 N·m) of torque at 2000 rpm. Applications Toyota Land Cruiser HJ47 HJ60 HJ75 Toyota Dyna HU20 30 40 50 Toyota Coaster HB20 30 About the 12H-T engine The 12H-T is a 4.0 additional info.....
Toyota 1FZ-FE and 1FZ-F engine factory workshop and repair manual download on PDF can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro File size 15 Mb in 498 pages searchable INTRODUCTION PREPARATION SERVICE SPECIFICATION DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM ENGINE MECHANICAL INTAKE AIR/SHUTTER SYSTEM TURBOCHARGING SYSTEM EMISSION CONTROL ELECTRONIC CONTROL DIESEL FUEL INTAKE TEMPERATURE FUEL SYSTEM INJECTION SYSTEM COOLING SYSTEM LUBRICATION SYSTEM STARTING SYSTEM ALTERNATOR SYSTEM CHARGING SYSTEM TORQUE SPECIFICATION SST AND SSM SYSTEM The engine displaced 4477 cc with a bore and stroke measuring 100 millimetres (3.9 in) x 95 millimetres (3.7 in) respectively and a 9.0:1 compression ratio; the head used Toyota's narrow-angle overhead camshafts for better fuel economy. The 1FZ had only two variants available: the 1FZ-F and the 1FZ-FE. The only significant difference between the two was the inclusion of electronic fuel injection on the 1FZ-FE whereas the 1FZ-F used a carburetor.The 1FZ-F produced 190 ho more data
Toyota 1HD-FT engine factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro File size 37 Mb in 259 pages INTRODUCTION PREPARATION SERVICE SPECIFICATION DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM ENGINE MECHANICAL INTAKE AIR/SHUTTER SYSTEM TURBOCHARGING SYSTEM EMISSION CONTROL ELECTRONIC CONTROL DIESEL FUEL INTAKE TEMPERATURE FUEL SYSTEM INJECTION SYSTEM COOLING SYSTEM LUBRICATION SYSTEM STARTING SYSTEM ALTERNATOR SYSTEM CHARGING SYSTEM TORQUE SPECIFICATION SST AND SSM SYSTEM The 1HD-FT is a 4.2 L (4164 cc) straight-6 24 valve SOHC turbocharged diesel engine of direct injection design. Bore is 94 mm and stroke is 100 mm with a compression ratio of 18.6:1. Known as the "multivalve" it has 4 valves per cylinder (2 inlet 2 exhaust) central vertically mounted injector and no glow plugs but rather an intake glow information
Toyota 22R and 22R-E engine factory workshop and repair manual download on PDF can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . File size 18 Mb Searchable PDF document with bookmarks. Covers Maintenance Engine Mechanical EFI Fuel System Cooling System Lubrication Syste Ignition System Starting System Charging System About the 22R engine The Toyota R family was a variety of straight-4 gasoline engines. Created for longitudinal use in such cars as the Celica and Hilux and in manufacturing from 1953 through 1995 use faded out as numerous of Toyota's mainstream models relocated to front-wheel drive. OHC versions featured a chain-driven camshaft mitigating the danger of internal damage from interference as in belt-driven engines. The 2-valve SOHC 2.4 L (2 366 cc) 22R was produced from 1981 through 1995.Many parts from the newer 22R-E are not compatible with those from the older pre-1985 engine. Non-compatible areas include the cylinder head block pistons and numerous of the connected parts such once t more tips
Toyota 4Y engine factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . File size 17 Mb PDF document Chapters Index: GENERAL ENGINE TUNE-UP ENGINE OVERHAUL FUEL SYSTEM PCV SYSTEM COOLING SYSTEM LUBRICATION SYSTEM STARTING SYSTEM CHARGING SYSTEM SST LIST SERVICE STANDARDS About the 4Y engine OHV eight-valve Capacity: 2237 cc 1987.09 - 1995.12 Toyota Crown (YS132 overseas specifications) Toyota Van (Town Ace overseas specification Tarago in Australia) Hiace third generation (overseas specification) 1979-1988 Toyota Stout (YK110) Daihatsu Delta 1993-1995 Daihatsu Rocky F95 Toyota Industries forklifts Toyota 4Runner (Australia) Volkswagen Taro 1985-1993 Toyota Hilux (South Africa) Toyota 4Y engine factory workshop and repair manual Download click here.....
Toyota Land Cruiser - Chassis and Body factory workshop and repair manual 1980 publication. Covers FJ40 FJ43 FJ45 FJ60 BJ40 BJ 42 BJ43 BJ45 BJ46 BJ60 series and HJ47 and HJ60 series on PDF can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro File size 120 Mb Bookmarketed with 851 pages Does not cover the engine. Covers Clutch transmission (4 speed H41 and H42 and 3 speed J30) transfer case propeller shaft front and rear axles steering brakes winch frame body and electrical. About the Toyota Landcruiser The Toyota Land Cruiser is a series of four-wheel drive vehicles fashioned by the Japanese car maker Toyota Motor Corporation. Programming of the first generation secure Cruiser began in 1951 as Toyota's type of a Jeep-like vehic click
Toyota H41 H42 H50 H55F TRANSMISSIONS Gearbox factory workshop and repair manual download on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . It is compressed as a zip file which you can extract with 7zip File size 179 Mb Searchable PDF document with bookmarks. TRANSMISSION; H41 H42 H50 H55F FOR MODELS Landcruiser BJ 40 42 43 45 46 60 series FJ 40 43 45 60 series HJ 47 60 series BU 20 23 25 32 32 36 40 series HU 40 50 series WU 40 50 series Toyota H41 H42 H50 H55FTRANSMISSIONS Gearbox factory workshop and repair online download click here.....
Toyota Skid Steer 4SDK3 4SDK4 4SDK5 4SDK6 4SDK8 4SDK10 factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . File size is 7 Mb searchable PDF. General Engine (only covers engine removal and adjustment not engine repair) HST Reduction Gear Steering Axle Brake Body Steering Body Lift Arm and Bucket Bracket Cylinders Oil Pump Oil control valve Hydraulic systems Appendix Wiring diagram Toyota Skid Steer 4SDK3 4SDK4 4SDK5 4SDK6 4SDK8 4SDK10 factory workshop and repair manual extra
Toyota 1DZ-II engine factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . File size 7 Mb searchable PDF document Chapters Index: GENERAL ENGINE TUNE-UP ENGINE OVERHAUL FUEL SYSTEM PCV SYSTEM COOLING SYSTEM LUBRICATION SYSTEM STARTING SYSTEM CHARGING SYSTEM APPENDIX About the 1DZ-II engine Engine type 1DZ Number of cylinders mounting Inline 4 vertically mounted. Bore x stroke 86×107mm Total piston displacement 2486cc Valve mechanism OHV Combustion chamber type Swirl chamber type Cycle Cooling system 4 cycle water cooled Performance Maximum Output 39kW (@2400rpm) Maximum Torque 160Nm (@2300rpm) Toyota1DZ-II engine factory workshop and repair manual Download much more info
Toyota 1HZ 1PZ 1HD-T engine factory workshop and repair manual download on PDF can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro File size 36 Mb in 349 pages searchable covering general service repairs for the 1 PZ 1 HZ and 1HD-T engines equipped on the TOYOTA LAND CRUISER and COASTER. PZJ70 73 75 series HZJ70 73 75 80 series HDJ80 series HZB30 series HDB30 series Contents General Engine Tune Up Engine Overhaul Fuel System Cooling System Lubrication System Starting Charging Appendix Toyota 1HZ 1PZ 1HD-T engine factory workshop and repair online download extra info
Toyota Hilux AN10 AN20 2005-2013 factory workshop and repair manual on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . It is compressed as a zip file which you can extract with 7zip File size is large at 170 Mb with some PDF documents with bookmarks. Covers the AN10 AN20 Toyota Hilux Petrol/Gasoline engines: 2.0 L 1TR-FE 2.7 L 2TR-FE 4.0 L 1GR-FE V6 Diesel: 2.5 L 2KD-FTV turbodiesel 2.5 L 2KD-FTV intercooled turbodiesel 3.0 L 1KD-FTV intercooled VNT diesel * TGN 15-16-26 MODELS * GGN 15-25 MODELS * KUN 25-36-35-36 MODELS Toyota Hilux AN10 AN20 TGN GGN KUN factory workshop and repair manual Download full details
Toyota H140F H150F and H151F TRANSMISSIONS Gearbox factory workshop and repair manual on PDF searchable and indexed can be viewed using PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro File size 9 Mb in 100 pages MANUAL TRANSMISSION (H14OF H150F AND H151F TRANSMISSIONS) Page DESCRIPTION MT-2 PRECAUTIONS MT-4 TROUBLESHOOTING MT-4 REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION OF TRANSMISSION MT-5 COMPONENTS MT-12 DISASSEMBLY OF TRANSMISSION MT-15 COMPONENT PARTS MT-25 Input Shaft Assembly MT-25 Output Shaft Assembly MT-27 Counter Gear Assembly MT-39 Front Bearing Retainer MT-42 Oil Pump Cover Assembly MT-43 ASSEMBLY OF TRANSMISSION MT-47 Toyota H14OF H150F and H151F TRANSMISSIONS Gearbox factory workshop and repair online more information.....
Toyota 1RZ 1RZ-E 2RZ 2RZ-E engine factory workshop and repair manual download on PDF can be viewed using free PDF reader like adobe or foxit or nitro . It is compressed as a zip file which you can extract with 7zip File size 21 Mb PDF document with bookmarks. Introduction Engine Mechanical EFI system Fuel System Cooling System Lubrication System Ignition System Starting System Charging System Service Specifications Torgue settings SST and SSM Engine Diagonostics Emission Control Electronic Fuel Injection Cooling The 1RZ is a 2.0 L (1 998 cc) version built from 1989. Bore is 86 mm and stroke is 86 mm. The 1RZ-E is the fuel-injected version of the 1RZ. With a 9.0 to 1 compression ratio output is 101–108 hp at 5 400 rpm with 118–123 lb·ft (161–167 N·m) of torque at 2 800 rpm. The 2RZ is a 2.4 L (2 438 cc) version. Bore is 95 mm and stroke is 86 mm; a variety of combination of heads and fuel delivery systems were available. 2RZ-E This is an SOHC engine with two valves per cylinder. Valve adjustment is by shim over bucket. Output is 120 PS (88 kW) at 5 more info
Toyota Motor Corporation abbreviated TMC, is a Japanese multinational automaker headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan. In 2010, Toyota employed 300,734 many people worldwide, and had been the third-largest automobile producer in 2011 by production behind General Motors and Volkswagen Group. Toyota is the eleventh-largest company in the world by revenue. In July 2012, the business revealed it had manufactured it is 200-millionth vehicle.
The company was started by Kiichiro Toyoda in 1937 as a spinoff from his father's business Toyota companies to create automobiles. Three years earlier, in 1934, while still a department of Toyota Industries, it created its first product, the Type A engine, and, in 1936, its first passenger car, the Toyota AA. Toyota Motor Corporation group providers are Toyota (including the Scion brand), Daihatsu, Lexus, and Hino Motors, along with some "nonautomotive" companies. TMC is actually part of the Toyota Group, one of the largest conglomerates in the world.
Toyota was started in 1933 as a division of Toyoda Automatic Loom Performs devoted to the production of cars under the direction of the founder's son, Kiichiro Toyoda. Its first vehicles were the A1 passenger car and the G1 in 1935. The Toyota Motor Co. had been established as an independent company in 1937. In 2008, Toyota's sales surpassed General Motors, making Toyota number one in the world.
Mass production of Toyoda automated loom, displayed at the Toyota Museum in Nagakute-cho, Aichi-gun, Aichi Pref. Japan
In 1924, Sakichi Toyoda invented the Toyoda Model G Automatic Loom. The principle of Jidoka, which means the machine stops itself when a problem occurs, became later a role of the Toyota Production System. Looms were built on a small production line. In 1929, the patent for the automatic loom was sold to a British company, generating the beginning capital for the automobile development.
Toyoda Standard Sedan AA 1936
Vehicles were originally sold under the name "Toyoda" (トヨダ), from the family name of the company's Kiichirō, founder Toyoda. In April 1936, Toyoda's first passenger auto, the Model AA, was completed. The sales price had been 3,350 yen, 400 yen cheaper than GM or Ford cars.
House of Toyota founder Kiichiro Toyoda, near Toyota City
In September 1936, the company ran a public competition to design a new logo. Of 27,000 entries, the winning entry was the three Japanese katakana letters for "Toyoda" in a circle. But Risaburō Toyoda, who had married into the family and was not born with that name, preferred "Toyota" (トヨタ) because it took eight brush strokes (a lucky number) to write in Japanese, was visually simpler (leaving off the diacritic at the end) and with a voiceless consonant instead of a voiced one (voiced consonants are considered to have a "murky" or "muddy" sound compared to voiceless consonants, which are "clear").
Inside the house of Toyota founder Kiichiro Toyoda, near Toyota City
Since "Toyoda" literally means that "fertile rice paddies", changing the name also prevented the company from being associated with old-fashioned farming. The newly created word was trademarked and the company was registered in August 1937 as the "Toyota Motor Company".
First-generation Toyopet Crown Model RSD (1955/1 – 1958/10)
Toyota at the Rally Dakar, 1992
From September 1947, Toyota's small-sized vehicles were available under the name "Toyopet" (トヨペット). The starting vehicle available under this name was the Toyopet SA, but it also included vehicles such as the Toyopet SB light truck, Toyopet Stout light truck, Toyopet Crown, Toyopet Master, and the Toyopet Corona. The word "Toyopet (Japanese article)" was a nickname given to the Toyota SA anticipated to its little dimensions, as the result of a naming contest the Toyota Company organized in 1947. However, after Toyota eventually joined the US market in 1957 with the Crown, the name had been not well received anticipated to connotations of toys and pets. The name was soon dropped for the US marketplace, but continued in other markets until the mid-1960s.
By the early 1960s, the US had begun placing stiff import tariffs on certain vehicles. The chicken tax of 1964 placed a 25% tax on imported light trucks. In response to the tariff, Toyota, Nissan Motor Co. and Honda Motor Co. began building plants in the US by the early 1980s.
With over 30 million sold, the Corolla is one of the many best and popular selling cars in the world.
Toyota received its first Japanese Quality Control Award at the start of the 1980s and began participating in a wide type of motorsports. Anticipated to the 1973 oil crisis, consumers in the lucrative US market started moving to small cars with better fuel economy. American car manufacturers had considered small economy cars to be an "entry level" product, and their small vehicles employed a low level of quality to keep the price low.
In 1982, the Toyota Motor Company and Toyota Motor Sales merged into one company, the Toyota Motor Corporation. Two years afterwards, Toyota entered into a joint venture with General Motors called the New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc, NUMMI, running an automobile-manufacturing plant in Fremont, California. The factory was an old General Motors plant that had been closed for two years. Toyota after that started to establish new brands at the end of the 1980s, with the launch of their deluxe division Lexus in 1989.
In the 1990s, Toyota started to branch out from producing mostly compact cars by adding many larger and more luxurious cars to its lineup, including a full-sized pickup, the T100 (and later the Tundra); some lines of SUVs; a sport version of the Camry, known as the Camry Solara; and the Scion brand, a group of several affordable, yet automobiles, sporty targeted specifically to young adults. Toyota also began manufacturing of the world's best-selling hybrid car, the Prius, in 1997.
With a major presence in Europe, expected to the success of Toyota Team Europe, the corporation decided to set up Toyota Motor Europe Marketing and Engineering, TMME, to help market vehicles in the continent. Two years later, Toyota set up a base in the United Kingdom, TMUK, as the company's cars had become very popular among British drivers. Basics in Indiana, Virginia, and Tianjin were also set up. In 1999, the business chose to list itself on the New York and London Stock Exchanges.
In 2001, Toyota's Toyo Trust and Banking merged with two other banks to form UFJ Bank, which was accused of corruption by Japan's government for making bad loans to alleged Yakuza crime syndicates with executives accused of blocking Financial Service Agency inspections. The UFJ was listed among Fortune Magazine's largest money-losing corporations in the world, with Toyota's chairman serving as a director. At the time, the UFJ was one of the largest shareholders of Toyota. As a result of Japan's banking crisis, UFJ merged with the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi to become the Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group.
In 2002, Toyota managed to enter a Formula One works team and establish joint ventures with French motoring companies Citroën and Peugeot a 12 months after Toyota started creating cars in France.
Toyota ranked eighth on Forbes 2000 list of the world's leading companies for the year 2005 but slid to 55 for 2011. The company was number one in global automobile sales for the first quarter of 2008.
In 2007, Toyota revealed an update of its full-size truck, the Tundra, produced in two American factories, one in Texas and one in Indiana. "Motor Trend" named the Tundra "Truck of the Year," and the 2007 Toyota Camry "Car of the Year" for 2007. It also began the construction of two new factories, one to build the RAV4 in Woodstock, Ontario, Canada, and the other to build the Toyota Prius in Blue Springs, Mississippi, USA. This plant was originally intended to build the Toyota Highlander, but Toyota decided to use the plant in Princeton, Indiana, USA, instead. The company has also found recent success with its smaller models—the Corolla and Yaris—as gasoline prices have risen rapidly in the last few years.
From November 2009 through 2010, Toyota recalled more than 9 million cars and trucks worldwide in several recall advertisments, and briefly halted sales and production.. Toyota initiated the recalls, the first two with the assistance of the U.S. Nationwide Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), after reports that several vehicles experienced unintended acceleration.
Main article: 2009–2010 Toyota vehicle recalls
In 2011, Toyota, along with large parts of the Japanese automotive industry, suffered from a series of natural disasters. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami led to a serious disruption of the shop base and a drop in production and exports. Extreme flooding during the 2011 monsoon season in Thailand affected Japanese automakers that had selected Thailand as a production base. Toyota estimated to have forgotten manufacturing of 150,000 units to the tsunami and manufacturing of 240,000 units to the floods.
In October 2012, Toyota announced a recall of 7.43 million vehicles around the world to fix malfunctioning power window switches, the largest remember since that of Ford Motor Company in 1996. The move came after a series of recalls between 2009 and 2011 in which it pulled back around 10 million recalls amidst claims of defective mechanics.
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